History of the Skyline

Nissan Skyline Drift Car Race Tuned Show S

In April of 1957, the Prince Motor Company introduced the very first Skyline automobile. When it was released it was advertised as a luxury automobile. The first Skyline came equipped with a 1.5 Litre, 1482cc GA-30 engine and was capable of a top speed of 87mph.

In 1958 the Skyline model had an update with the addition of quad headlights and a slightly altered 1.5 Litre GA-4 overhead valve engine. This engine has been made up until 1961. The Prince Skyline models were available in both four door sedans and five door channel wagons/estates. From the early 1960’s the Skyline was also available in what was known as the Skyline Sport package, this model featured hand constructed bodies in both coupe and convertible versions and were powered with a 1.9 Litre 1862cc GB-30 engine.

Prince then launched the S50 series of Skylines. These vehicles were considered the second generation in Skyline history. The S50 series became one of the most desired vehicles in Japan. They came powered by a G-1 engine, which was a revised version of the older GA-4.

Nissan and Prince merged together in 1966 which enabled the S50 to appear with Nissan Prince Skyline badging. The creation of the S50 series lasted until 1967 when the S50E-3 was released. The same model could be found under four different badges, the Prince Skyline, the Prince A150, the PMC A150 or the Nissan A150.

1967 saw an update to the Skyline model once more, this version was dubbed the S57 and came armed with a 1.5 Litre overhead camera 1487cc G15 engine. For its time the G15 was known as the most powerful engine in its class.

In 1968 Nissan introduced the C10 series of Skylines, these were equipped with the G15 engine or a 1.8 Litre G18.

The very first of Nissans GT-R range of skylines was introduced in 1969. The original GT-R started as a sedan but in 1970 that a coupe version was added. The GT-r models came stripped of anything deemed unnecessary so they could make them as light as possible for racing.

1971 saw the coming of the KGC10 2000GT-X Skyline. This was originally released in a two door coupe version but in 1972 a four door sedan version labeled the GT-X joined the line up.

1972 saw the arrival of the Nissan Skyline GT-R hardtop. Nissan ceased its production once the oil crisis forced many people to look into buying market vehicles to shy away from performance vehicles. At this same time Nissan pulled out of the motor racing circuits thus eliminating the need for what was then considered the high performance standout of its time. This was to be the last Skyline GT-R for 16 years before the Brand was revived in 1989.

The next generation of Skylines was the C110 versions that began production in 1972. The C110 series was the first in its own production line up to feature the round rear lights which became typical in later skyline designs. This line up remained in production until 1977.

After 1977 Nissan continued to split the skyline range down into basic four and six cylinder models. These were known as the C210 Collection of Skylines. The GT-XE was introduced using a turbo charged L20ET engine. On the early variations one unique design component of the turbo charged engines was that they were not intercooled nor did they have any type of blow off valve. Also the T designation at the end of the engine code L20ET doesn’t mean it’s a turbo, the T really stands for twin carburettors.

There were a total of 26 versions of the R30 available at the time mixing body styles and engines so people could in effect get exactly the car they wanted.In 1983 that the R30 series got a facelift, common additions that were made standard included: four wheel disk brakes, upgraded interior trim, new exterior bumpers smoked tail lights and door mounted wing mirrors.

Also in 1981 that the 2000RS model was introduced, this variant was originally marketed as a stripped down lightweight racing version. These models came equipped with a dual overhead cam FJ20E engine.

Front brakes were upgraded to larger units to cope with the increased power available.

In 1984 more changes were made with the addition of an intercooler, newly revised compression ratios and a new turbo charger exhaust housing. These were available in both manual and automatic transmission variants.

In 1986 we saw the introduction of the R31 Skyline, this was thought of as the seventh generation in the Skyline line. The R31 had many new inventions with technologies and additional capabilities. The Engine fuel and ignition system became more advanced with the addition of the NICS (Nissan Induction Control System) injection system which increased low end performance.

One of the ultimate versions of the R31 was the RB20DET-R powered HR31 GTS-R. This variant only had 800 units constructed. This amount allowed Nissan to enter the vehicle into the touring car racing circuit. The automobile itself had a much bigger turbo charger than normal and it was located on a tubular exhaust manifold that was included in addition to a much larger front mounted intercooler boosting power across the board.

In 1989 we saw the introduction of this HCR32 Skyline, this was available in either a sedan or coupe body style and the rest of the body designs were dropped. The R32 because it would be come to be known was powered by different variations of Nissans RB engine lineup.

1989 also saw the return of this GT-R, these new models came equipped with twin ceramic turbo chargers, electronically controlled all wheel drive and all wheel steering. The GT-R also had larger wheels, a larger intercooler and flared front and rear wheel arches.

In 1993 the R33 skyline was introduced. This was slightly heavier than previous versions and all models now used a six cylinder engine. With the launch of the the Skyline could no longer be thought of as a compact car as exterior measurements grew from that bracket as compared to other manufacturers, but this didn’t prevent consumers from needing one.

In 1996 the R33 got the addition of regular driver and passenger side air bags. The turbo versions were also given a nylon compressor wheel. The R33 was created until 1998 with the model being retired with its 40th anniversary R33 series 2.

Also in 1996 the GT-R was improved. Changes such as turbo compressor aerodynamics, intercooler and turbo dump pipe were all revised. A limited number of special edition NISMO 400R GT-R’s was created. These featured a road tuned engine and a getrag gearbox which has turned out to be more powerful than previous offerings.

In 1998 the R34 model was introduced. This motor, the RB20DE-NEO became the most fuel efficient straight six engines till this day.

The most recent version saw changes to the chassis, the inclusion of ball bearings to the turbo core as compared to a good position, and a new six speed getrag gearbox.

In 2007 a new variant of the GT-R premiered. Nissan now chose to separate the GT-R aside from the normal Skyline line and make it a stand alone version. This version was released to the general public in 2008. The vehicle keeps its legacy by still using the chassis code CBA-R35 or just R35. For more please check out Critter Control Round Rock

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